How Do You Describe Someone Who Is Mentally Challenged?

What are signs of low IQ?

Lower than average scores on IQ tests.

Difficulties talking or talking late.

Having problems remembering things….IQ 50-70.Slower than normal in all areas.Can conform socially.Can acquire daily task skills.Integrated in society.No unusual physical signs.Can acquire practical skills.Reading and math skills up to grades 3-6..

Is it OK to say able bodied?

In referring to people with disabilities, it is preferable to use language that focuses on their abilities rather than their disabilities. Therefore, the use of the terms “handicapped,” “able-bodied,” “physically challenged,” and “differently abled” is discouraged. … Use “non-disabled” instead.

How do you tell someone they are mentally challenged?

Mentally retarded: Always try to specify the type of disability being referenced. Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled .

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

Is mental retardation curable?

A small study of 30 people with the most common inherited form of mental retardation has found encouraging evidence that some symptoms of the disorder can be alleviated with drugs.

What is the life expectancy of a person with mental retardation?

Results. Kaplan-Meier survival plots showed a strong negative association between severity of intellectual disability and survival, with median life expectancies of 74.0, 67.6, and 58.6 years for people with mild, moderate, and severe lev- els of handicap.

What are different causes of mental retardation?

What causes intellectual disability?trauma before birth, such as an infection or exposure to alcohol, drugs, or other toxins.trauma during birth, such as oxygen deprivation or premature delivery.inherited disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or Tay-Sachs disease.chromosome abnormalities, such as Down syndrome.More items…

Is mental retardation a genetic disorder?

Mental retardation is caused by a number of different factors. Among genetic disorders, Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome are the commonest causes of mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited form of mental retardation. FXS is estimated to affect 1 in 2,500 males and 1 in 8,000 females.

What do you call someone who is mentally challenged?

Term Now Used: disabled person, person with a disability. Term no longer in use: mental handicap. Term Now Used: intellectual disability. Term no longer in use: mentally handicapped. Term Now Used: intellectually disabled.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

Is mental illness considered special needs?

Under the Americans with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA, mental illness is grounds for “special education” needs in public schools systems provided they interfere with your child’s ability to make expected academic progress.

Is saying disabled offensive?

The word has been around for centuries, but was not used to refer to people with disabilities until the late 1800s. … But because the story has become legend and begging for a living is degrading, describing people with disabilities as “handicapped” is offensive.

How do you describe someone with special needs?

Rather than using terms such as disabled person, handicapped people, a crippled person, use terms such as people/persons with disabilities, a person with a disability, or a person with a visual impairment.

What’s the politically correct term for special needs?

Use the term “disability,” and take the following terms out of your vocabulary when talking about or talking to people with disabilities. Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.”

How do you refer to someone with a disability?

In general, refer to the person first and the disability second. People with disabilities are, first and foremost, people. Labeling a person equates the person with a condition and can be disrespectful and dehumanizing.

What is another word for special needs?

What is another word for special needs?disabilityimpairmentinfirmityafflictionincapacityconditiondisorderdysfunctionailmentdisablement89 more rows

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

How do you deal with a mentally challenged person?

SPEAK DIRECTLY. Use clear simple communications. … OFFER TO SHAKE HANDS WHEN INTRODUCED. … MAKE EYE CONTACT AND BE AWARE OF BODY LANGUAGE. … LISTEN ATTENTIVELY. … TREAT ADULTS AS ADULTS. … DO NOT GIVE UNSOLICITED ADVICE OR ASSISTANCE. … DO NOT BLAME THE PERSON. … QUESTIONS THE ACCURACY OF THE MEDIA STEREOTYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESS.More items…