What Is The Leading Known Cause Of Mental Retardation Quizlet?

What is the leading cause of mental retardation in the United States?

Facts about FASD: • It is the leading known cause of preventable mental retardation.

It affects at least 1 in every 100 births in the US.

The federal government estimates that each instance of FASD costs from $860,000 – $4.2 million over a lifetime..

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

Which example is the best example of a developmental milestone?

Skills such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time, and waving “bye-bye” are called developmental milestones. Children reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, act, and move.

Which of the following is known to cause intellectual disability?

The three major known causes of intellectual disability are Down syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and Fragile X syndrome.

What is the leading known cause of mental retardation?

Fetal alcohol syndrome is now leading cause of mental retardation.

What is the most common known biological cause of intellectual disability quizlet?

Most common genetic cause of intellectual disability. A genetic disorder involving an abnormality in the X chromosome, which becomes constricted and often breaks. Specific gene appears to be the cause, though not all people with the gene develop intellectual disability. What is amniocentesis?

What are signs of low IQ?

Lower than average scores on IQ tests. Difficulties talking or talking late. Having problems remembering things….IQ 50-70.Slower than normal in all areas.Can conform socially.Can acquire daily task skills.Integrated in society.No unusual physical signs.Can acquire practical skills.Reading and math skills up to grades 3-6.

At what age is mental retardation diagnosed?

When is the diagnosis made? The onset of mental retardation is in childhood, before 18 years of age. The diagnosis is generally made after infancy, between the preschool and school-age periods. Sometimes the diagnosis may be made later, at the time when a thorough assessment is performed.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

Is ADHD an intellectual disability?

Some mental health, neurodevelopmental, medical and physical conditions frequently co-occur in individuals with intellectual disability, including cerebral palsy, epilepsy, ADHD, autism spectrum disorder and depression and anxiety disorders.

What is the typical course of autism?

Autism is an heterogeneous developmental disorder mainly characterized by three domains of impairments: (1) communication/language; (2) social interaction; (3) behavioral oddities (DSM-4) [1]. Diagnosis in infancy is crather difficult before the fully developed, typical symptomatology develops [2].

Which of the following is the leading cause of mental retardation in babies?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.