What Is The Most Common Cause Of Hydronephrosis In Infants?

Is hydronephrosis a birth defect?

Birth defects in the urinary tract may cause hydronephrosis.

Even when birth defects are the cause, hydronephrosis may be mild and may improve as the child gets older.

However, birth defects may also cause hydronephrosis that is severe or gets worse over time..

What are the stages of hydronephrosis?

There are three stages of hydronephrosis: Mild: kidney function is slightly impacted, but the hydronephrosis typically resolves on its own. Moderate: typically no impact on kidney function, hydronephrosis symptoms will not progress. Severe: greater risk of decreased kidney function and risk of kidney damage.

What does fluid in my baby’s kidney mean?

A: This is most likely a condition called pyelectasis, which means that urine is collecting in your baby’s kidney and not passing out into the amniotic fluid like it normally should.

How do I know if my baby has kidney problems?

The signs and symptoms of urinary tract or kidney problems vary and include: fever. swelling around the eyes, face, feet, and ankles (called edema) burning or pain during peeing.

What is the best treatment for hydronephrosis?

Most people with hydronephrosis will have a procedure called catheterisation to drain the urine from their kidneys. Depending on the underlying cause, medication or surgery may be needed afterwards to correct the problem.

How do you fix hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.

How is fetal hydronephrosis treated?

Treatment involves surgery, either major or minor, to correct whatever is causing the blockage of urine or to repair the valve-like structures of the ureter to prevent backflow of urine from the bladder.

How common is hydronephrosis in babies?

Hydronephrosis is a condition, affecting about 1 in 100 babies, where urine overfills or backs up into the kidney, causing the kidney to swell. Infants with hydronephrosis may be diagnosed before (prenatal) or after (postnatal) birth.

What is the most common cause of hydronephrosis?

The most common cause for this blockage is a kidney stone, but scarring and blood clots can also cause acute unilateral obstructive uropathy. A blocked ureter can cause urine to go back up into the kidney, which causes swelling. This backflow of urine is known as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).

How is infant hydronephrosis treated?

Treatment often depends on the underlying cause. Although surgery is sometimes needed, in many cases hydronephrosis resolves on its own as a child grows, and surgery is not necessary. Essentially, hydronephrosis can be boiled down to a problem of urine flow.

What causes kidney problems in babies?

What are the causes of kidney disease in children? From birth to age 4, birth defects and hereditary diseases are the leading causes of kidney failure. Between ages 5 and 14, kidney failure is most commonly caused by hereditary diseases, nephrotic syndrome, and systemic diseases.

Is hydronephrosis a sign of Down syndrome?

Mild hydronephrosis is commonly found in association with Down syndrome and should prompt evaluation of fetal anatomy to identify other congenital anomalies.

How quickly does hydronephrosis resolve?

About 4 out of every 5 cases will resolve on their own before or within a few months of birth and will cause no long-term problems for you or your baby. The remaining cases may require treatment with antibiotics to prevent kidney infections, and in some cases surgery may be needed.

What happens if hydronephrosis is not treated?

Left untreated, severe hydronephrosis can lead to permanent kidney damage. Rarely, it can cause kidney failure. But hydronephrosis typically affects only one kidney and the other kidney can do the work for both.